Gold Coin Hoards
This list of hoards covers all those in which gold coins were found and
are arranged in order according to the latest king whose coins are present
in the hoard. It is usually assumed that hoards were deposited at the
time of the most recent coin that was present. It is unlikely that this is
always true but presumably it is usually true.
Summary of Hoard Contents
|| Wima || Kanishka || Huvishka || Vasudeva
|| Kanishka II || Vasishka || Kanishka III || Vasudeva II
|| Mahi || Shaka || Kipunadha
|1998 Parcel A
|1889 Kheri Hoard
|1877 Peshawar Parcel
||2 ||2|| ||2||3
|| || ||1||21||16
|| || ||1||
||1 || ||
|EW 30 Parcel
|| || ||107
||2 || ||2||1||
- 001 So-called Peshawar Parcel (Unknown Provenance) Sometime after 2000 a large hoard of gold coins was found. It was signalled by the appearance on the market of a large number of Wima Kadphises' gold coins, salted with a large number of forgeries which suggests the hoard had passed through Peshawar (though may not have been found there). The published examples ran from the inception of Wima's gold coinage but did not include the last phase of production in his reign(C.G1-i; C.G1-ii; C.G1-iv).
Bracey, 2009 [for discussion of the forgeries]
- 002 1998 Parcel A (Unknown Provenance) A group of coins sent for identification at the British Museum which may have been a hoard. They included 5 Wima Kadphises (C.G1-i 1d; 2*C.G1-iv 1d; C.G1-v 1d [O19/R4,O8/R62,O18/R5,O6/R38,O22/R44], 7 Kanishka (2*D.G1-iii 1d, 4*D.G2-i 1d, 1 uncertain)[O58/R24,O46/R174,O44/R173new?,O48/R32,O48/R38,O48/R130,O51/R175], 2 Early Huvishka (E.G1-i 1d (1B) [O5/R293, O5/R391]).
- 003 1889 Kheri Hoard (28N, 81E aprox.)
3 Coins of Kanishka (D.G) and Huvishka (E.G).
Srivastava, 1980: 54
- 004 Sahawar Hoard (26.7N, 81.3E)
13 coins of Huvishka coins (7*E.G1-iii 1d (3*2c,2*2d,2*3e); 1*E.G1-iv 1d (1A/3i); 5*E.G2-iii 1d (3e, 5f, 2*17a, 17b).
Srivastava, 1980: 1082
JNSI XXXI: 15-21 [Full publication, including images]
- 005 Dovudi Hoard 9 (Turkmenistan) A bulldozer broke a jar containing gold coins. Dovudi reports examining 14 at the site and that two were acquired by the Institute of Archaeology (E.G1-v 1d).
- 006 Bonai Hoard (22N, 84E) One Huvishka of an early type found with a broken ring, chain,
and three thin imitations of Huvishka
- 007 Dabra Dammo Hoard The discovery of a hoard of coins in a cave beneath a monastery in Ethiopia, ancient Aksum, remains the most
western of Kushan coin finds. The coins were examined by Mordini but he did not publish images, and it is unknown where the coins
now reside. They consisted of five doubles of Wima (all struck from the same die), 5 Kanishka, 88 Huvishka, 6 Vasudeva.
- 008 1877 Peshawar Parcel (35.8N, 71.3E ). 93 of the coins in the collection of the British Museum are recorded as being
‘a large proportion of a find dug up near Peshawar’. They all have the same accession number, 1879-0501, and are included in a hand written report of 1879 Coins and Medals p.81-101. They consist of 5 Kanishka (all with Bactrian legends), 80 Huvishka, 8 Vasudeva. Images of all the coins can be accessed here
- Shakarkot in the Punjab district yielded 6 gold coins of Kanishka and Vasudeva.
ASIAR 1934-35: 91
- 009 Tehri-Garhwal Hoard (30.2N, 78.3E) Found during building work in Narendranagar the hoard contained 44 Huvishka coins,
1 Vasudeva, with 5 pieces of ornament and a wire like object in a metal pot.
- 010 Sahawar Hoard Found in 1966 and deposited in the State Museum Lucknow. The hoard is relatively tight most coins from just two dies. All the coins are from the early part of Huvishka's reign shortly before the change in coin designs to the ornate bust with 8 from the main mint and 5 from the subsidiary mint.
- 011 Topi Hoard (34.1N, 72.7E) A hoard of 5 Huvishka and 16 Vasudeva. Only one of the Huvishka's is an early type. The Vasudeva coins cover
the whole of his reign and curiously both of his mints implying that Topi lay between the two mint sites.
Burns & Mirza, 1990
- 012 Hathras 1936 Hoard. Six coins described as Vasudeva II (probably meaning late Vasudeva I in this context). Treasure Trove Report noted by Srivastava.
Srivastava, 1971: No.1
- 013 Kashmir Smast Parcel A a group of six Vasudeva issued from the middle phase of his principle mint (with trident over altar, but
without nandipada symbol).
Khan, N et.al. 2008: 55-6
- 014 Delhupur (25.7N, 82.7E) Srivastava's brief 1980 account is misleading. The hoard contains 1 Kanishka with Bactrian legend, 2 Vasudeva coins (one from the early stage of the main mint, one from the late stage of the subsidiary mint), 7 imitations of Vasudeva issued by the Kushano-Sasanians (two without, five with swastikas). The remaining coins are broken down by control marks. The coin with 'ha' on the left and 'vi' on the right appears to say Kanishka(II). The 2 coins with a kharoshti letter on the left and 'vi' on the right (fig.12, referred to as fig. 11 in the text) are transitional issues between Kanishka II and Vasishka. It is impossible to distinguish them unless individual dies are examined but most are probably Vasishka. The 3 coins with 'si' on the right follow these in Vasishka's coinage. Then the 5 Vasishka coins with 'chhu' in the right field. Those with an 'a' (described as 'su' in the article) in the right field and Siva reverses are issued by Vasishka at the mint used by Kanishka III, there are eight of these. There are 4 Vasudeva II coins, with no pattern to there types.
Srivastava, 1971: No.6
Srivastava, 1980: 1129
- 015 Harda Parcel (Hoshangabad district of Madhya Pradesh). A quarter stater of Huvishka and a stater of Kanishka III, both now in the Nagpur Museum. It is not clear that this is an actual hoard as the only record of it is the publication by Jain.
- 016 Harchandpur Hoard (26.4N, 81.2E) 1 Huvishka, 2 Vasudeva, 10 Kanishka II, 5 Kanishka III, 4 Kushano-Sassanian
IAR 53-54: 39
Srivastava, 1980: No.1026
- 017 Tor Dher Hoard A group of 20 gold coins recovered by the Government of the NWFP and presently in
the Peshawar museum. They are most likely a hoard from Swabi. 1 Kanishka, 3 Kanishka II, 2 Vasudeva imitations ('o' on altar,
3 dots on reverse), 4 Vasishka, 1 Shaka (late mint A). Also a number of coins from the confused period Vasishka
to Vasudeva II including 8 with brahmi 'a' (G621-627), 2 rada (G628-633), 1 with ga and pu.
- 018 Dada Fatehpur Hoard (28.1N, 75.4E) 2 Vasudeva (Phase II, Main Mint), 2 Vasishka (chhu/vi),
2 Vasudeva II (one vi early, one ga type), 3 Shaka (vi/sina, late, mint A). In addition one coin of
Magra was found in the hoard of the type with a chakra above his staff. Very important hoard
which implies a continuity between the coinages that use a vi control mark.
Pokharna, 1977: 160
- 019 Sarghoda Hoard 1 Mahi, 21 Shaka (1 bhu from early at mint A, others tripartite sya with circle from the last stage at mint B), 16 Kipunadha
coins all with the control mark bhadra.
- 020 Kashipur Parcel (29.2N, 79.2E) Three coins described as 'Vasudeva II'. None have images and the descriptions are hard to follow, but imply that they are of the period of Kanishka II or later, the third is probably not Kushan but Kidarite or later.
- 021 Sancanakot Hoard (aprox. 26N 80E) Twelve 'later Kusana' Kings, now in the Lucknow State Museum and noted in the registers.
Srivistava, 1971: No.11
- 022 Rasoolnaga (25.9N, 84.3E) 1 Shaka, 4 Samudragupta
Srivistava, 1980: 1130
- 023 1902 Sarsawa (28N, 81E aprox.) 1 Vasudeva, 2 Samudragupta
- 024 Sakit (dist. Ethah) 1 Late Kushan, 1 Samudragupta Standard type
Srivistava, 1980: 323
- 025 EW 30 Parcel In East & West 30 Michael Mitchiner reported a group of unknown origin consisting of 13 Samudra types, and 107 Kipunadha (with
bacharna control) but without photos or details of provenance.
- 026 Sultanganj A late Kushan and a Samudragupta, both transformed into ornaments, and stored with other ornaments in a pot.
Singh, 1973: 131
*Orissa Historical Research Journal II: 85
- 027 1886 Bijnor (29N, 78E) 2 Vasudeva, 2 Vasudeva II, 1 Shaka (possibly early main mint) 1, Kumaragupta 1.
Srivistava, 1980: 7
- 028 Machrata Mound in Sheikhpur district of the Punjab “Two gold coins of the Little-Yue-chi along with the coins of Chandra Gupta II
and Skanda Gupta."
ASIAR 1930-4: 309